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To join the Society of the Hwa Rang or put your school on the Directory, E-mail Bob Duggan at [email protected]"


Bob Duggan, President ESI 

Bob Duggan was for many years the head instructor for Hwa Rang Do in Aspen, Colorado and the Roaring Fork Valley. He was the first American to study the art when it was introduced to the U.S. by the Grand Masters, Joo Sang Lee in 1968 and then Joo Bang Lee in 1972. Duggan wrote most of the content of the only books ever published in the West on Hwa Rang Do in 1977 for his teacher, Grand Master Joo Bang Lee. The three volume set, "The Ancient Art of Hwa Rang Do" is still available through the World Hwa Rang Do Association in Downey, California.

In 1973, Duggan was one of the founders of the Aspen Academy of Martial Arts which brought together some of the most famous teachers and masters of different martial systems. For more than a decade, masters of different arts such as Joo Bang Lee, Marshall Ho, Dan Inosanto, Koichi Tohei, John Clodig, Mits Yamashita and others were invited to teach students in a training site over looking Aspen, Colorado. 

In 1980, Bob Duggan founded ESI, the renowned bodyguard training school in Aspen,  EXECUTIVE SECURITY INTERNATIONAL, LTD.(ESI). ESI is the only school in the world that offers more than 2000 hours of academic and practical training in the field of personal protection, protective intelligence  and investigation. From the founder's point of view, these professions are the 20th Century version of the historic Hwa Rang.

Michael De Alba, Fifth Degree Black Belt

Master Michael De Alba is a lifelong student of the martial arts, with over 25 yrs of formal training. His backround includes a wide variety of systems, but majored in Korean styles. He has trained in Korea as well as other Asian countries. While in the millitary he taught several special units (ie: Rangers, Seals, ect.) Master De Alba was a student of many great masters including Hwarang Do Grandmaster Joo Bang Lee. He has achieved black belts in several arts and is considered one of the top instructors of Hwarang Do today.

He has developed Modern Hwarang Do - the De Alba System, which combines the most practical and combat effective elements of the arts in De Alba's repretoire. His specialties include Weapons and Fighting. His teaching methods reflect a diversity of skills and tactics with a definite focus on self defense. De Alba has produced a series of Video Tapes and training manuals exposing a number of specialized areas of Modern Hwarang Do for the general public.

Tom Osborn, 4th Degree Black Belt

Tom Osborn holds a 4th Dan in Hwa Rang Do with Master Kim Myung Man, from Sydney Australia. Tom started training with Master Kim in 1975. The Hwa Rang Do material in our part of the martial arts universe originated from Kim's collected experience in Korea, and has much in common with the material which has been taught in the US. See Tom's home page for some details of the history: Interestingly, this branch of Hwa Rang Do has no direct connection to Joo Bang Lee. Tom has taught Hwa Rang Do for about fourteen years, but still trains regularly with Master Kim. Tom has a PhD in mathematical physics and teachers computer science and machine learning at the University of Technology, Sydney. He also has current interests acting and Tai Chi.

Terry Giles, Sixth Degree Black Belt

Began the study of the Korean Martial Arts in 1968 under the instruction of Chun Choon Kim in the system, Duk-Kwon -Do. Mr Kim was a student of Duk-Kwon under the direction of Grand Master Jung Kimm. The system added various other disciplines in the early 1970's with the introduction of O-C. Chun as the new Chief Instructor. The new systems included Kuk-Sul (-Kuk Sool Kwon / Kuk Sul Kwon) under the direction of the direction of the federation. These teachings were from the lineage of Grand Master Choi and were overseen by Master H. Lee and O.C. Chun. O.C Chun was appointed Grand Master of our Federation in the late 970's (1976-78) and I continued, my study of Kuk Sul.

In 1976, I branched out my study to include Chung Do Kwon (mainly for competition) under the tutorship of Grand Master Won Kuk Lee. In 1978, when the World Tae Kwon Do Federation was formed and placed in control of all competitive Tae Kwon Do, the factions began to divide and break away from the existing organizations. New Tae Kwon Do Federations and Associations sprouted up and each touted that they represented a new ear of sport and traditional Karate.

Because of the turmoil of the "federation" wars I stopped competing in sport Karate and began to fight only in bare-fisted tournaments. I continued to study only in the Combative Korean Systems which expanded to include: Duk Kwon / Kuk Sul / Tang Soo (Tang Soo under the teachings of Hi Yung Kimm, a student of Chong Soo Hong).

I have spent many years in the Chung Do Kwan / Kang Do Kwon and Moo Duk Kwon systems as well as our institute spanned the full spectrum of Korean Arts. I competed for 14 years on the Bare Fist Kumite Circuit as the Captain and eventually the Coach of the USKKA -USA Black Belt Team, winning 12 undefeated world titles in bare fist full contact fighting. Since leaving the competitive circuit, I became involved in teaching defensive tactics and hand-to-hand combat skills to military and government organizations. In 1985, I graduated at the top of the class as a Level 1 in the Executive Protection Program at Executive Security International in Aspen, Colorado under the direction of Bob Duggan (Hwa Rang Do). After competing the training, I became involved in ESI as an instructor and helped develop the Maritime and Private Yacht Security Training Program with Mr. Duggan.

For the last ten years I have become a Defensive Tactics and Firearms Instructor for various U.S. Government agencies, including U.S. Customs, Naval Investigative Services, DEA, U.S. Marshals Naturalization an Immigration Services and border Patrol. In addition, I instruct numerous municipal police departments and private sector security agencies.

After nearly 30 years of studying and teaching, I complied my own system of Combative Korean Arts. As I have evolved my understanding of realistic fighting systems and developed my own techniques and defensive strategies, I call my system TIGON Combative Training System. This art is drawn from the base of Hwa Rang Do, Kuk Sul and Tang Soo as well as my own techniques and movements.

Tony Pagni, Second Degree Black Belt

Tony Pagni started Hwa Rang Do in 1983 under Bob Duggan in Aspen, Colorado. After seven years of study, he received in First Degree Black Belt and started his own martial arts school. In 1995, he was promoted to Second Degree Black Belt in Hwa Rang Do and became a principal Instructor in the Roaring Fork Valley Hwa Rang Do School.

In addition to his studies of Hwa Rang Do, Tony has spent extensive time in the Phillpine arts of Stick and Knife fighting, under the tutelage of Leo Gahie and other respected masters. In 1986, Tony Pagni graduated from of Executive Security International (ESI) program in Executive Protection, and since then has attained three firearms instructor certifications. He is Certified by the Colorado State Department of Higher Education as Firearms Instructor and a staff instructor for ESI. Tony began to shoot in competition events in 1993, and in that time he has become one of the top ranked shooters in Colorado.

Tony offers firearms instruction courses in private, semi-private, and group formats. These courses can be customized for the beginning to expert shooter, and will offer instruction in quick draw and fire drills, shooting and moving,, utilizing cover and concealment, tactical handling of firearms of all types, multiple prone shooting positions, and rolling shooting.

In 1995, Tony attended the Colorado Law Enforcement Academy. He is a Colorado Certified Peace Officer and can offer training and insight into the use of force and deadly force issues in the Force Continuum System. In addition to his experience in martial arts, Tony is Certified in PPCT - Pressure Point Control Tactics System, which is the standard training system for many state law enforcement agencies.

BRYSON KEENAN, 6 [email protected]



Thanks and all my love to my wife, Christine (who has suffered being a "Karate Widow" for many years and lived to tell the tale!) and my children, Robert and Susan, for their support through good times and bad.


My first Sensei, Graham Stockwell, for putting me on this path - I have travelled quite a distance on it and have quite a way to go, but would not have set out at all but for him;

Master Peter Urban, for his faith and inspiration.
Master Bob Jones, Father of Australian Karate, for his vision.
Master Les Anyos, mentor and friend always.
Masters Harada and Kanazawa, for teaching me that nothing is new.
Gordon "Jock" Armstrong, my student, for his dynamic illustrations.
Most important of all - my students, for making this necessary.


Bryson Keenan began his martial arts career in Melbourne, Australia, at the age of eight, under the tutelage of Graham Stockwell, originally a Judo and Jujitsu instructor who had later started Karate himself by studying Mas Oyama's books (how many of us did the same?!). Graham's power and focus inspired the young martial artist to follow that all-consuming path which is Karate.

In the early seventies, this path led to the Elizabeth St., Melbourne Dojo of Bob Jones, which Bryson still considers "the best Dojo I have trained in anywhere in the world". Bob Jones' no-nonsense training method laid the foundations for what has become one of the most dynamic Australian Karate systems.

The mid-seventies, and Bryson's dojo came under the direction of Grand Master Peter Urban, one of the great propagators of Goju Karate to the western world. Master Urban taught him to mould all of his previous training into a method suitable for the contemporary arena, whilst maintaining the traditions inherent to the art.

The late seventies saw Bryson as an uchi-deshi (live-in apprentice) to Les Anyos, one of the "hard men" of Australian Karate, who became Bryson's mentor and greatest friend in the Karate world. Bryson currently sits as the head of the Goju branch of Master Anyos' Shin Bu Kai International.

The eighties started and so did a new career - in the Army. The establishment of the notorios "Ronin Dojo" in Townsville, Queensland stemmed from the innate fighting spirit of the soldiers who made up the majority of its members. Indeed, most of the senior blackbelt holders in Bryson's school are a product of those times. His Army career also led to opportunities to train not only throughout Australia, but also all around the world in countries as diverse as the U.K., Thailand, Malaysia, Germany, U.S.A., Japan and Indonesia.

Into the nineties, and Bryson Keenan's School of Karate continues to move onward and upward. In 1990, Bryson travelled to Japan, where he was graded to the rank of Godan - 5th Degree Black Belt - under the direction of Master Hyotaro Harada, 8th Dan Gojuryu. For his efforts in formulating a modern Australian Goju Karate form, Bryson was elevated to the rank of Rokudan - 6th Degree Black Belt - by Sensei Urban in 1993. Currently a senior representative of the World Karate Association and the International Gojuryu Karate Organisation as well as being Chairman of the Zengoshukaikan, Bryson Keenan Kyoshi now presents the essence of his teachings in this comprehensive training manual.

Susan Yule, First Degree Black Belt

I have 16 years of martial arts experience. I did Tae Kwon-Do for 10 years (2nd Degree Black belt) and started Hwa Rang Do in 1988. I received my 1st degree Black belt in Hwa Rang Do in January 1996 after 8 years of training. I have been teaching martial arts for 10 years in Seattle, first Tae Kwon Do and then Hwa Rang Do for the last 4 years. For variety I also studied Shito-ryu for 2 years, and have dabbled in Judo and Tai Chi.

My full time job is working with computers but in my spare time I work with Deaf/Blind adults. I have a B.A. in Technical Theatre and an A.A.S. in Sign Language Interpreting (ASL).

Stamets Paul Stamets, Half Black Belt

I started with Goju-Ryu with Peter Urban and Joseph Artesi in 1970. Then, a year in Shito-Ryu and then studied Taekwon Do from 1975-1984 or so; I attained my First Degree Black Belt during this period. Then Hwa Rang Do from then on and short course in Aikido. Had my own club at The Evergreen State College from 1993-1995. Grappling is my pleasure. Erik Remmen pioneered grappling in Olympia around, I would guess, 1985.

I first was introduced to HwaRang Do in the summer of 1979 at the Aspen Academy of the Martial Arts under Bob Duggan, and studied with him for several years thereafter whenever possible. After being introduced to HwaRang Do, I left my Taekwon Do school where my duties had become primarily teaching and not learning.Under Erik Remmen, I trained, and continue to train (not as consistently) at the Olympia school. The Lee family has conducted several workshops on my property over the years.

I am a specialist in the cultivation of gourmet & medicinal mushrooms, and an expert on the identification of psilocybin mushrooms. I have written 4 books to date: Psilocybe Mushrooms & their Allies (1979), The Mushroom Cultivator (1983), Growing Gourmet & Medicinal Mushrooms (1993), and the soon-to-be-released Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World (1996). I have discovered and authored (or co-authored) four new species of Psilocybe (the genus possessing the majority of psilocybin fungi) in the scientific literature. (All my work was covered by a government license. In this regard, I am self-censored on the subject - which means, it is difficult to talk to me about it. The books speak for themselves).

I have a strong interest in the relationships between shamanism, visionary plants,and religion. I sense there is a long but hidden history of the use of psychoactive mushrooms and martial arts based in Buddhist traditions. Martial arts and mushrooms are my way of life.

Since 1980, my wife and I (Cruz also trained with me in HwaRang Do for 10 years) own and operate a mail-order business specializing the recycling of forest and agricultural waste products through the cultivation of gourmet and medicinal mushrooms. We are very active in cancer research, immune stimulation, and the healing properties of mushrooms. Our small business has 'mushroomed' with sales expected to exceed $ 2,500,000 at the present sustained growth rate of 30-50% or more. My books are used throughout the world as textbooks and are instrumental in helping developing countries begin industries which help, not harm, the environment. I am a liberal, environmentalist, ex-hippie logger, who loves to debate people who are not. I am a pacifist.

HwaRang Do permeates my life and has given me inner courage to continue on a path which has been otherwise very difficult. HwaRang Do is my avocation, not my vocation.

I live near Olympia, Washington on a beautiful salt-waterfront farm.

Michael Clifford, Fourth Degree Black Belt

I am a student of the Martial Arts. I believe there is a vast difference between study and practice. If I allow myself to "practice" I might get sucked into the thought that I know all there is to know about a certain technique or principle. However if I am studing something I am always looking for a fresh perspective of that. I am fascinated by the principles of movement, of power, and of speed. By looking at the context of the martial arts I keep my training rooted in the knowledge of what the training is used for.

I have learned there is a type of internal or spiritual power from training in a "traditional" martial art. In my opinion "traditional" includes philosophy and meditation. It is from the hard physical training and the spiritual practices that I hope to find a unity of mind, body, spirit and emotions. The traditional art I study is TUKONG MOOSUL, literally translated as "Special Combat Warrior Techniues" This is the same martial art as taught to the South Korean Special Forces.

I strive to keep my training "reality oriented" by studing everything from empty hand techniques, effective fighting ranges and the transitions involved, to weapons defense training and verbal de-escalation skills.

In addition to studing the martial arts for 15+ years I have worked with "Powerful Choices" a self-defense and empowerment training group in Seattle for the last 5 years. Powerful Choices is a descendant of "Model Mugging". As the senior male instructor in Seattle I was able to study the reality of fights without the injuries associated with full-force fighting. The two main areas of my focus were effective self-defense, and effecive verbal communications. It was my experience that simplicity is the key to both.

I have found that for myself teaching is a deeper level of study. I have taught Tukong Moosul for over 9 years. In Austin Texas I was able to study/teach directly under the Grandmaster, Wonik Yi. When I moved to Seattle and had to learn how to teach "on my own"; from that experience I was able to re-direct my study and to evolve as a martial artist and as a human. - I see study as a way of life.

- Train hard and stay safe. Michael.

Jason K. Moore, Seventh Degree Black Belt, Jasukai

Jason Moore has studied Hwa Rang Do for over 25 years and has been teaching for 15 years. He learned Hwa Rang Do from Rod Burroughs who studied under his father, neither of whom are associated with Joo Bang Lee and the World Hwa Rang Do Association. Jason has trained with both Korean and American instructors. Jason lost 100 % of his physical sight in 1978 and since that time has developed his ability to use ki to a very refined level. He can discern different people, what they are doing (such as kicking or punching and when they are making errors in technique). He can tell you when you are going to attack, with what weapon and the target. Jason opened the Ki Training Center (now the Ki Training Center - Salt Lake) in 1994. He holds a 7th degree black belt ranking with the Jasukai Martial Arts Society.

ERIC BREUER, 6th Degree Black Belt ,Tang Soo Do and Jujitsu

Master Eric Breuer has been a student of the martial arts since early 1970.His back ground includes Tang Soo Do, Free Style Jujitsu,Chun Kuk Do, KunTao and Kickboxing.He has been priviledged to train with some of the most respected instructors in the world. His personal instructors include Martial Art Movie Star, Grand Master CHUCK NORRIS (Chun Kuk Do 1984 to present), Grand Master Ronald Duncan (Free Style Jujitsu 1970 to 1993), Master Robert Beaudoin (Tang Soo Do 1973 to 1978), Master Hun Chul Hwang (Tang Soo Do 1978 to 1983), and Grand Master Joe Rossi (Kun Tao 1990 to present). Master Breuer has hosted or attended seminars taught by the Machados, Joe Lewis, Benny Urquidez, Gene Labell, Jeff Speakman and others. He is also a sought after seminar instructor conducting clinics in the USA, Canada, Russia and Uzbekistan.

Mr. Breuer has authored many articals for most of the leading martial Art magazines. He has appeared on several local cable T.V. programs as well as in State Police and Martial Art training videos. He had a small roll in the movie "SILENT TEARS" a D.E.L. Production.

Mr. Breuer has been a Connecticut State Trooper since 1982. He has held a variaty of positions including Patrol,Resident Trooper (overseeing ten local police officers), Defensive Tactics Instructor and is currently assigned to the GOVERNOR'S SECURITY UNIT. Mr. Breuer has been decorated for his life saving efforts and bravery.

Tung TRAN DUC Tuan, Third Degree Tae Kwon Do Moo Duk Kwan

First, I want to apologize to you and other Society of the Hwarang members. I have some difficulty writing English, because I never learned to write in English. So, you have my permission to correct all faults in my text and make it presentable. Thank you! (Editor's note: Tran's written English is better than a lot of Americans I's the heart felt content that matters.BD)

I like to write my biography today:

I was born the 12th of January 1963 in Saigon, South Viet Nam. My father a was colonel in the South Vietnese Army. He began training Tae Kwon Do with several Korean military personnel in 1950. I started to train Tae Kwon Do in 1971. In 1975, after the Communist conquest of the South, and the regime's complete prohibition of Tae Kwon Do, I continued to train in secret with some friends and under a Vietnamese Sa Bu Nim. We trained at night and in the total silence, no Ki-hap was allowed. I received my First Dan there.

My father spent three years in a Goulag prison and reprieved from the death camp because he was a doctor. Our family escaped from Viet Nam in 1980 and came to France via Thailand. In France, I continued to train Tae Kwon Do under Sa Bu Nim, Lee Kwan Young, he is the European President of Tae Kwon Do Chung Doo Kwan . In 1985, I was awarded my Second Dan, and I joined the French Army. I served in the French Army for three years and left the military service as a Sargent. I met my Danish wife in Paris in summer 1988, and we were married 2 months later. I moved to Denmark and started my career as a laboratory technician. Now, we have two children : one daughter and one son.

I met Sa Bu Nim, Shin Boo Young 5 years ago and I was introduced by one of his closest students. Master Young is the European President for Tae Kwon Do Moo Duk Kwan and for the Hwa Rang Moo Duk Kwan Tae Kwon Do. I was awarded my Third Dan under him and it was the hardest test that I have been through. I had to write a philosophic thesis about DO and its meanings relating to my life. Next year, he will call me to test for my Fourth Dan.

I have also a commentary for Society Members:

The Hwa Rang name and purpose do not belong to any one particular person. It belongs to Korean history and not especially to any one person. My Sa Bu Nim used the Hwa Rang name to commemorate the past of his country's history and to promote the movement's ideas : honor, integrity, brotherhood, and more.. He told me once: "Without the essence of Hwa Rang Do, Tae Kwon Do and other Korean arts would be dead as a Martial Art and this essence transformed sport forms like Judo into a combat art. "Everything looks like synthetic flowers: look good but nothing inside."

I am so sorry to see how they (WHRDA) use the Hwa Rang Do name as a commercial mark. Hwa Rang is not Adidas or Nike ,..!!!

Hwa Rang

Tung TRAN DUC Tuan, Third Degree Tae Kwon Do Moo Duk Kwan
[email protected]
Risoe National Laboratory
Gene Technology and Population Biology
Plant Genetic Section

Mike Norris - Hapkido

[email protected]

Mike  Norris teaches Hapkido in Lafayette, Louisiana. Mike trained under Grandmaster Daniel T. Rogers until Rogers’ death in 2001. He then went on to train under Master Keith Lanclos. Mike has also trained in Aikijitsu, Kempo, Pekiti Tirsia Kali and Wing Chun. He is the founder of the Progressive Hapkido Association, which strives to apply sound martial principles to today’s self defense needs. He trains several police officers and has done edged weapons training for the National Guard S.R.T./Counter Terrorism Unit.

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