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Techniques Table of Contents

Joint Locks

Joint Locks: Capturing the Hand

A Competition Version

Center Axis

Up through the mid 70s, Tae Kwon Do and Tang Soo Do were very linear systems. There was nothing circular in their instructional or fighting syllabus. But after the spread of Hapkido, Kuk Sool and Hwa Rang Do these systems picked-up the spinning kicks common to the softer systems. Almost all Korean styles now possess the ability to execute the Hook Kick, but with the influence of tournament fighting, they have corrupted the original intent of the circular kicks. Unfortunately, the execution of circular kicks differ according the individual instructor's understanding of the purpose of the kick. The illustration above illustrates the problem with dropping the weight out of the target by pulling the body back in such a way that the body weight is evenly balanced on both sides of the Center Axis.

The original design of spinning kicks was to knock the opponent out or worst. This is accomplished by a weight shift through the target. This can not be done by pulling the body back from the target as illustrated above. That kick was designed for tournament fighting in order to control the contact. The problem is that what is perfectly legitimate reason for controlling a kick's penetration soon becomes the model for generations down the line and everyone thinks that this is how it should be done in all circumstances. The Instructor needs to make it perfectly clear to the student what he or she is learning and for what ultimate purpose. The two purposes require distinctly different training methods.


The method of kicking in the Second Illustration is tighter and intended to knock the opponent out of the game. This is accomplished by an explosive weight shift through the target. It is executed by creating a tension between the upper and lower body, called a Stress Reflex. As the heel is snapped back, the upper body torques through the target plane and the top elbow rotates to the rear. This helps rotate the hip where most of the body weight resides.

Osborn makes the point that power kicking requires a momentary storing of energy as you cock or chamber the leg. The energy is then released explosively. This is associated with the breath and its release.


  1. Body weight is in motion with the hip twisting or spinning through the target. Results in greater impact.
  2. Body is guarded due to the arms tucked tight and forward.
  3. Follow-up is as fast as the 50-50 balance.


  1. Once committed to the kick, can not be withdrawn or easily checked.

WARNING: The techniques illustrated on this Home Page or any other portion of the Society of the Hwa Rang Web site are not intended for instructional purposes. These techniques are inherently dangerous and should not be practiced without a competent and experienced instructor. The discussion and illustration on this site and  is intended for the purpose of discussion among members who already have the necessary training experience to understand the limits of any technique discussed here. No one associated with the Society will assume liability for the mis-use or untutored attempt to apply these techniques on the another person or yourself. Our firm advice is to seek out an instructor prior to attempting any technique discussed or illustrated on this Web Page. Consult the Directory for an Instructor in your area.


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Copyright © 1996, Bob Duggan
Designed by Bob Duggan July 1996