THE HOOK KICK
Techniques Table of Contents
NO CONTACT HOOK KICK:
A Competition Version
Up through the mid 70s, Tae Kwon Do and Tang Soo Do were very linear systems. There was
nothing circular in their instructional or fighting syllabus. But after the spread of
Hapkido, Kuk Sool and Hwa Rang Do these systems picked-up the spinning kicks common to the
softer systems. Almost all Korean styles now possess the ability to execute the Hook Kick,
but with the influence of tournament fighting, they have corrupted the original intent of
the circular kicks. Unfortunately, the execution of circular kicks differ according the
individual instructor's understanding of the purpose of the kick. The illustration above
illustrates the problem with dropping the weight out of the target by pulling the body
back in such a way that the body weight is evenly balanced on both sides of the Center
The original design of spinning kicks was to knock the opponent out or worst. This is
accomplished by a weight shift through the target. This can not be done by pulling the
body back from the target as illustrated above. That kick was designed for tournament
fighting in order to control the contact. The problem is that what is perfectly legitimate
reason for controlling a kick's penetration soon becomes the model for generations down
the line and everyone thinks that this is how it should be done in all circumstances. The
Instructor needs to make it perfectly clear to the student what he or she is learning and
for what ultimate purpose. The two purposes require distinctly different training methods.
FULL CONTACT HOOK KICK
The method of kicking in the Second Illustration is tighter and intended to knock the
opponent out of the game. This is accomplished by an explosive weight shift through the
target. It is executed by creating a tension between the upper and lower body, called a
Stress Reflex. As the heel is snapped back, the upper body torques through the target
plane and the top elbow rotates to the rear. This helps rotate the hip where most of the
body weight resides.
Osborn makes the point that power kicking requires a momentary storing of energy as you
cock or chamber the leg. The energy is then released explosively. This is associated with
the breath and its release.
- Body weight is in motion with the hip twisting or spinning through the target. Results
in greater impact.
- Body is guarded due to the arms tucked tight and forward.
- Follow-up is as fast as the 50-50 balance.
- Once committed to the kick, can not be withdrawn or easily checked.
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Society of the Hwa Rang Web site are not intended for instructional purposes. These
techniques are inherently dangerous and should not be practiced without a competent and
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